(retrospective 1932-2021)

Educational institutions

♦ February 4, 1932 in Sokhumi was formed Sokhumi state Agropedagological Institute, which in 1933 was transformed into the Sokhumi State Pedagogical Institute named after A.M. Gorky (first rector Alexei Chochua)

♦ In 1952, the Kutaisi Institute of Agriculture was formed in Kutaisi, which in 1959 moved to Sukhumi and was renamed the Georgian Institute of Subtropical Economy (GISH). In the world there were only two institutes of subtropical economy

♦ On February 5, 1979, the Sokhumi State University named after A.M. Gorky was opened in Sokhumi (this was announced in the directory of universities of the USSR). In May 1979, Sokhumi State University (the official name of the university by Decree of the Council of Ministers of the USSR) was renamed the Abkhaz State University named after A.M. Gorky (first rector Z.V. Anchabadze)

♦ The Sokhumi branch of the Georgian Polytechnic Institute (subsequently, the Georgian Technical University) functioned

Research Institutes

♦ The Institute of Abkhaz Language and Literature was created in 1925, and since 1950 it was renamed the Institute of Abkhaz Language, Literature and History

♦ In 1927, the world-famous Institute of Experimental Pathology and Therapy was formed in Sokhumi, the so-called Sokhumi monkey nursery, where primate experiments were conducted (1958-1992 director academician Boris Lapin). From 1983 to 1989, for experiments in space from the Sokhumi monkey nursery, there were 8 monkeys (rhesus macaque) (Macacus mulatta)

♦ In 1948, the Sokhumi branch of the Atolla Research Institute was founded in Sokhumi, where work was carried out on monitoring the Black Sea using hydroacoustic methods, the manufacture of radio equipment, scientific work on the study of underwater space, on marine meteorology and environmental monitoring

♦ Sokhumi Institute of Physics and Technology (SFTI) was created in 1950 by combining two closed research centers. The activities of these two centers in 1945-1949 were associated with technologies for the creation of an atomic bomb in the USSR. The scientific leaders of these centers were the world-famous German scientists professor Baron Manfred von Ardene (1907-1997) and Nobel laureate Professor Gustav Hertz (1887-1975). Famous scientists also worked with them: M. Steinbek, P. Thiessen, G. Barvich, M. Folmer, V. Schutze, N. Riel, R. Deupel and others

♦ Research Institutes of Resortology and Non-Traditional Medicine, Agriculture and Botany

♦ In 1974, the Sokhumi branch of the Institute of Morphology named Natishvili of the Academy of Sciences of Georgia, a scientific laboratory of gerontology, was opened in Sokhumi